Inheritance Tax Advice

What is Estate Planning? - Inheritance Tax Planning

Estate Planning, generally referred as Inheritance Tax Planning, is the process of planning for the transfer of a person’s wealth and property after death. One’s estate includes assets, life insurance, pensions, property, automobiles, personal possessions, and debts.

You have a property, admit it or not. Almost everyone does, in fact. Your estate includes everything you own, including your car, home, other property, bank and savings accounts, investments, life insurance, furniture, and personal belongings. Everyone has a property, no matter how great or little, and they all have one thing in common: you can’t take it with you when you die.

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When that happens — and it is a “when,” not a “if” — you will most likely want to manage how those items are distributed to family, friends, or organizations close to you. To guarantee that your desires are followed out, write down who you want to get anything from you, what you want them to receive, and when you want them to receive it. Of course, you’ll want to pay as little as possible in taxes, legal expenses, and court charges.

The Capital Acquisitions Tax (CAT) is the tax levied when you receive a gift or inheritance. CAT is made up of two independent taxes: a Gift Tax on lifetime gifts and an Inheritance Tax on inheritances received on death.

Capital Acquisitions Tax: Who is liable to this tax in Ireland?

The property’s beneficiary is largely responsible for paying Capital Acquisitions Tax. The existence of a tax charge is determined by whether the disponer (the person “giving the gift or inheritance”) or the beneficiary (the person receiving the gift or inheritance) is a resident or normally resident of the state at the time of the transfer or inheritance.

If the donor or recipient is a resident or normally living in Ireland, the entire estate is subject to Capital Acquisitions Tax. If both the donor and the recipient are not residents or habitually located in Ireland, only Irish property, such as Irish property, shares in an Irish corporation, or money in an Irish bank account, will be subject to tax.

Who will pay the tax?

The individual receiving the gift or inheritance, not the person or estate delivering the benefit, is subject to CAT.

Capital Acquisitions Tax


Since December 5, 1991, Tax is determined based on the sum of all gifts and inheritances received for all new gifts and inheritances received on or after December 5, 2001.

The following CAT Tax Rate currently applies:

Tax Rate now:

Group Threshold – NIL

Balance taxed – 33%

Capital Acquisitions Tax Thresholds

The Group threshold amounts differ based on the beneficiary’s connection to the disponer.

Group 1 Threshold €335,000:

Where the person who receives the property is a child of the disponer or a child of the disponer’s civil partner, or a minor child of a deceased child of the disponer or a minor child of a deceased child of the disponer’s civil partner, or a minor child of the civil partner of a deceased child of the disponer, or a minor child of the civil partner of a deceased child of the disponer.

Group 2 Threshold €32,500:

Where the person receiving the property is a disponer’s lineal parent, a descendant of the disponer, a disponer’s siblings, or a child of a disponer’s siblings, or a child of a civil partner of a disponer’s siblings.

Group 3 Threshold €16,250:

Every other case. The threshold amounts are those that are currently in effect.

This data is current as of January 2020, although it is subject to change.

What Assets Are Liable To Inheritance Or Gift Tax?

The CAT is a self-assessment tax. While receiving assets as an inheritance, the personal representatives of the deceased must identify all assets and liabilities of the deceased when filing an Inheritance Tax Revenue Affidavit. The whole net worth of any assets received by a beneficiary who is not a legal spouse or registered civil partner is taxed. All assets are considered, including the family home, a second home or investment property, the value of any investments, including cash, pension and life insurance benefits, and all personal property in the house, such as furniture, jewelry, and so on.

Reliefs And Exemptions from Capital Acquisitions Tax:

Certain Capital Acquisitions Tax reliefs and exemptions apply to specific types of assets. These have been implemented over time to support private entrepreneurship and to avoid the forced sale of a family farm, company, or house in specific circumstances.

The main exemptions/reliefs are:

Exemption for Spouse or Civil Partner- Gifts or inheritances received by one spouse or civil partner from the other are completely exempt from CAT.

Agricultural Relief — the value of farmland, buildings, and animals can be lowered by 90% if the beneficiary is a qualifying farmer who has owned the property for at least 6 years.

Where both the business and the recipient fulfill the qualifying circumstances, Business Relief can give a comparable 90% decrease in the taxable value of certain firms or private corporations.

Family Housing Relief – Gift and Inheritance tax exemptions are available on the value of certain “houses” up to an acre of land that the donor and recipient meet certain conditions to secure that property was and continues to be their home.

Life Insurance Relief – If you purchase life insurance or a savings plan, especially to pay gift or inheritance tax, the amount contributed to the plan will not be subject to capital acquisition tax, exempt is that they are actually used to pay the tax bill.

Do You Know

  1. Small Gift Exemption:

The Capital Acquisition/Gift Tax legislation allows a gift tax exemption on the first €3,000 of any gift received by a beneficiary from a ‘sponsor’. 3,000 € is the annual limit. This means that a beneficiary can receive up to €3,000 tax-free within a year from any one donor, or even multiple donors, and that contribution will not be taxed.

  1. Disposing Of Business Assets:

When business assets are liquidated, whether by sale, donation, or inheritance, a number of distinctive tax fees may be incurred.

The disposition of the property may be subject to capital gains tax fees, even if the property is given as a gift. The ongoing CGT rate is 33%.

  • Gift or inheritance recipients may be subject to capital gains tax or when the sale price is below market value. The present CAT rate is 33%.
  • Stamp duty is also payable on the transfer of a lifetime property. Various subsidies are available that, if needed, can reduce these taxes.
  • Relief from Capital Gains Tax in Retirement
  • Relief from Capital Acquisition Tax for Businesses
  1. Gift Tax Liability Funding

You can create capital that can be used to pay gift taxes. The advantage of using a “qualified” life insurance savings plan to fund gift tax payments is that, as long as certain conditions are met, the proceeds from the plan when used to pay your child’s gift tax bill will not increase their gift. tax obligations. If you give money to your child to pay gift tax from your deposit account, the money will be considered by Revenue as an auxiliary gift and will in fact boost their tax liability.

  1. Approved Retirement Fund

If you buy an approved retirement fund, it can generate estate taxes for your children.

  • Children under 21 – inheritance tax
  • Children over 21 – Income-tax (30%)

Taxation is a difficult subject. This is simply a basic overview of some of the current Inheritance and Gift Tax requirements. These limitations may be changing in the upcoming days/years. You should consult with your tax or financial expert about your unique position and the anticipated impact of Inheritance and Gift Tax on your plans.

Inheritance Tax and Estate Planning Q&A

Can I reduce my inheritance tax in Ireland?
How much can i inherit before paying inheritance tax?
What things are free from inheritance tax?
How do i reduce inheritance tax?
What happens when i inherit money?
Is there a way to reduce paying taxes on inherited property?
Can I leave my house to my children?
With €30,000 inheritance, what should i do?
How much tax do you have to pay when selling an inherited home?
Is it possible to sell my house to my daughter for a euro?

Contact our team for a no-obligation consultation. The first meeting is free of quote.


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